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Means of Freight Transport

10/02/2022 09:50
Means of Freight Transport

Freight transport is one of the most crucial driving forces in logistics – accordingly, trade and the entire economy would be inconceivable without it. Given the paramount importance of this factor, the choice of transportation method is not trivial for individual businesses. The right decision can be the key to their success. In our blog post, we aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the modes and tools of freight transport. Join us in exploring this exciting world and read on!

Road Freight Transport

Road freight transport is one of the most commonly and widely used methods of cargo transportation. Its popularity is primarily due to its flexibility, but it also has many other advantages. These include short delivery times, no need for transshipment thanks to a dense network of roads, and easy adaptation to the carrier's requirements. Furthermore, almost any type of cargo can be transported this way. Additionally, goods are subjected to relatively low stress during road freight transport, and there is a low chance of damage to the shipment. However, it comes with disadvantages such as the risk of accidents, high demand for live labor, and restrictions on various routes.

Water Freight Transport

Water freight transport is primarily done with containers. It has been used for almost 100 years, with its origins traced back to the territory of the present-day United Kingdom. It started as an interesting sub-branch of recycling: tankers used in World War II were converted for transport purposes. Much of today's water freight transport is carried out with container ships, providing better protection for goods and faster loading and unloading compared to traditional cargo ships. Dry goods transported in containers are generally divided into two main groups: bulk cargo, such as coal or grains, and break bulk cargo, which is best illustrated by processed goods transported in bags.

Container ships offer a cost-effective and secure means of cargo transport. The fundamental unit of water container transport is the 20-foot container, which is used as the basis for determining the capacity of ships. So, if a ship has a capacity of, for example, 10,000 TEU, it means it can transport the equivalent of ten thousand 20-foot containers!

Rail Freight Transport

Rail freight transport is generally used when large quantities need to be transported over relatively long distances. A wide range of cargo types can be transported this way, from live animals to perishable goods and liquid products. Containers are also often used in rail freight transport. One of its significant advantages is that it causes much less environmental damage and has lower energy requirements compared to road transport. However, it has disadvantages compared to road transport, such as lower network density and longer transit times.

Air Freight Transport

Air freight transport, as the name suggests, involves transporting goods by airplanes. It is the fastest mode of transportation, but also one of the most expensive. It is primarily used in cases where something needs to be transported over long distances with a short deadline. It is especially suitable for transporting smaller-sized goods with higher value.

An interesting aspect, or a question that often arises, is whether this should be imagined as placing some goods next to the luggage on passenger flights and solving the transportation "two in one" principle. In some cases, this is true, but there are also airplanes specifically used for cargo transport. The drawback is that other means of transportation must be organized to reach the destination from the airport, and some hazardous materials cannot be transported by air.

The mission of Mobilainer is to help everyone find the most favorable mode of cargo transport. If we have sparked your interest, feel free to contact us using our contact information!

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